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The following terms are used throughout this document and are defined here for ease of reference.

Alcohol and/or other drug (AOD) use disorders The presence of an AOD use disorder as defined by the DSM-5. This term is used interchangeably with ‘substance use disorders’, and includes the use of alcohol; benzodiazepines; cannabis; methamphetamines, cocaine, and other stimulants; hallucinogens; heroin and other opioids; inhalants; and tobacco.
AOD workers All those who work in AOD treatment settings in a clinical capacity. This includes, but is not limited to, nurses, medical practitioners, psychiatrists, psychologists, counsellors, social workers, and other AOD workers.
AOD treatment settings Specialised services that are specifically designed for the treatment of AOD problems and include, but are not limited to, facilities providing inpatient or outpatient detoxification, residential rehabilitation, substitution therapies (e.g., methadone or buprenorphine for opiate dependence), and outpatient counselling services. These services may be in the government or non-government sector.
Comorbidity Use of the term ‘comorbidity’ in these Guidelines refers to the co-occurrence of one or more AOD use disorders with one or more mental health conditions. The terms ‘comorbid’ and ‘co-occurring’ are used interchangeably throughout this document.
Mental health disorders Refers to the presence of a mental health disorder (other than AOD use disorders) as defined by the DSM-5.
Mental health conditions Refers to those with a diagnosable mental health disorder as well as those who display symptoms of disorders while not meeting criteria for a diagnosis of a disorder.


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