Appendix F: Case formulation table

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(e.g., genetic factors, medications, physical health)


(e.g., resilience, personality, thoughts, feelings, behaviours)


(e.g., socioeconomic background, relationships, family, school, work, cultural factors, spirituality, community, social supports and connectedness)

Predisposing factors

Factors over a person's lifetime that may have contributed to problem




Precipitating factors

Any triggers or events that have initiated or exacerbated problem



Perpetuating factors

Factors that may  maintain problem or make it worse if not addressed


Protective factors

Internal and external supports


Adapted from PsychDB (2022). Biopsychosocial model and case formulation. Retrieved from

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