Physical appearance? (posture, grooming, clothing, signs of AOD use, nutritional status)
General behaviour? Behaviour to situation and to examiner? (angry/hostile, unco-operative, withdrawn,
inappropriate, fearful, hypervigilant)
Rate, volume, tone, quality and quantity of speech?
Language (form of thought)
Incoherence/illogical/irrelevant thinking? Amount? Rate?
Mood and affect
How does the client describe his/her emotional state (mood)? What do you observe about the person’s
emotional state (affect)? Are these two consistent and appropriate?
Delusions, suicidality, paranoia, homicidality, depressed/anxious thoughts?
Hallucinations? Depersonalisation? Derealisation?
Level of consciousness? Attention? Memory? Orientation? Abstract thoughts? Concentration?
Insight and judgement
Awareness? Decision making?